Experiences with oppression and homophobia, which have a tendency to pervade family members

Experiences with oppression and homophobia, which have a tendency to pervade family members

Two generations later on, GRID has evolved into that which we have actually come to understand as HIV/AIDS. Nonetheless, even though the condition not any longer stays restricted entirely to homosexual and bisexual males, the stark reality is that this section associated with populace may be the one many afflicted with this epidemic. Within the seminal 1998 american article that is psychologist Walter Batchelor warned that “AIDS nevertheless attacks homosexual and bisexual males in great numbers” (p. 854). It really is truly alarming that three decades later on, HIV/AIDS is still predominantly a homosexual and disease that is bisexual this nation (Halkitis, 2010b). This burden becomes amply clear as soon as we look at the epidemiological information. Even though gay and bisexual guys constitute roughly 2–4 percent associated with U.S. male population 18–44 years old (Chandra, Mosher, Copen, & Sionean, 2011), MSM, mainly homosexual and bisexual men, account fully for a lot more than 50 per cent of all of the AIDS situations and all sorts of HIV infections and 57 % brand new HIV infections (CDC, 2011b).

Discrimination and homophobia as factors behind HIV

Despite increased exposure, acceptance and present sociopolitical improvements, homosexual and bisexual males continue steadily to are now living in a culture that privileges heterosexuality while denigrating nonheterosexual relationships, actions and identities (Herek, Gillis, & Cogan, 2009). Because of this, our population will continue to face stigma seldom experienced by our heterosexual counterparts. Oppressive structures that are social inequalities affecting homosexual and bisexual guys have already been implicated in perpetuating not just the HIV epidemic but also prices of anal cancer tumors, Hepatitis B, individual papillomavirus (HPV) and lymphogranulma vernreum (LGV) infections, syphilis, gonorrhea and Hepatitis C (Wolitski & Fenton, 2011). Read More